What is needed for decoupage – everyone who wants to learn how to work in this technique faces this question. If you already have imagination, desire and ideas, then the matter remains with the materials. Decoupage is now so popular that by going to a specialty store you can simply get lost in a huge assortment of goods and get confused without buying anything or buying a lot of unnecessary items. To prevent this from happening, read the material on this page. With it, you can make a list of only those tools and materials that are needed specifically for your work.
Stage 1: Preparation of the base (primer)
Water matt soil – water-based soil of white color with high coating properties. Brushes are cleaned with neutral soap and water.
Gypsum soil – white water-based soil. Brushes are cleaned with neutral soap and water.
What is the primer for decoupage and why:
Matte primer is a top-quality primer, it can be used on any surface: wood, glass, tin, etc. At this stage, clean the surface with a sandpaper, smoothing out the small irregularities that have formed over time, and apply 1-2 coats of soil. It will take about 30 minutes to dry.
Gypsum primer is an acrylic primer. It lends itself to stripping when it dries completely. Recommended for use on porous surfaces such as wood, ceramics; not recommended for use on tin and other smooth surfaces. Drying time is about 30 minutes.
Stage 2a: Application of paint and painting effects
What paints for decoupage are recommended to use for creating a background and picturesque effects:
Water-based acrylic paints are divided into shiny, matte, metallic, with the effect of mica, with sparkles and two-tone. Brushes are cleaned with neutral soap and water.
Slowing medium – a transparent water-based product. Brushes are cleaned with neutral soap and water.
At this stage, paint plays a major role in decorating the item. The use of auxiliaries such as a retarding medium is highly recommended.
What is needed for decoupage for beginners is a slowing medium to create artistic effects. Mixes with paint in a proportion of approximately 1:10. Slows down the drying time, when applied – increases the time for work when creating shades (sfumatura) and special effects.
Stage 2b: Craquelure
Craquelure primer is a transparent water-based product. Brush cleaning – with neutral soap and water.
Craquelure soil is a tool that allows you to create the effect of craquelure, or, as it is usually called, “crackle country”.
The procedure for decoupage with napkins and the step-by-step instructions presented below will tell you how to use craquelure primer on a surface made of wood, tin, ceramics, etc.:
- Prepare the base (primer).
- Apply the primary color A (at this stage, the properties of the paint do not affect the final result).
- Apply a thin layer of craquelure primer (B) and leave to dry completely; this process can be accelerated with a hairdryer.
- Apply the second color, step C (but it should not be metallic paint or with the effect of mica, since it cannot be compressed), being careful not to cover the layer of already applied paint repeatedly. When the work is dry, you can start decorating using the decoupage technique.
The procedure and step-by-step instructions for decoupage on a surface made of glass or plexiglass (organic glass) (in this case, first of all, attach pictures using the decoupage technique):
- Apply a thin layer of craquelure soil (B) and wait until it dries completely; this process can be accelerated with a hairdryer.
- Apply paint, step C, trying not to touch the layer of previously applied paint, use a hair dryer to speed up drying; the paint of step C must not have a metallic effect or a mica effect, since it cannot be compressed.
- Apply stage A paint, the color of which will become the color of cracks.
- To apply paint that can be slightly diluted with water, use a sponge swab.
- The result will be better if the craquelure base is completely dry, otherwise large and uneven cracks will appear.
Stage 3: decoupage with napkins step by step instructions
The step-by-step decoupage technique of course also includes the main stage – decorating the surface with carved elements of a napkin or decoupage card.
Water-based glue – a white water-based adhesive . As it dries, it becomes transparent. Brushes are cleaned with neutral soap and water.
After cutting out the paper picture and moistening it with water, apply glue to the back of the picture and attach it to the surface to be decorated. You have a few seconds to reposition the picture until the glue has set.
Stage 4: coating with a protective layer of varnish
Water-based glossy varnish – a transparent varnish with a gloss effect. It turns yellow over time, creating the effect of natural aging. To clean the brushes, water with neutral soap is used.
Water-based matt varnish – mix well before use. Water-based clearcoat. To clean the brushes, water with neutral soap is used.
Shiny emulsion – gloss effect. Doesn’t turn yellow. Suitable for light tones of paint. Transparent water based product. To clean the brushes, water with neutral soap is used.
What varnish is used for decoupage and why is it needed:
Gloss varnish, matt varnish and gloss emulsion can be used at the two main stages of work.
- To protect the decor. Apply the thinnest layer of protective agent before coating with a finish layer for which water-based or solvent-based varnish can be used.
- For decoration. This coating will allow you to eliminate the “irregularities” of decoupage paper. Apply at least 2-3 coats of varnish, wait for it to dry completely, and clean with fine-grained abrasive paper.
All three types of varnish can be used on the surface of any material.
Only after completing all 4 stages of work (primer, painting, gluing, coating with a protective varnish) can we start finishing with craquelure.
Stage 5a: Finish
Step-by-step decoupage for beginners should be finished with a finish. For this, several means with different effects are used.
Refined shellac – a shiny glossy effect. It turns yellow over time, creating the effect of natural aging. An alcohol-based varnish of a yellowish-straw color. Alcohol is used to clean brushes.
Refined shellac is known since ancient times, it was used for shiny and glossy surface finishes from various materials. Refined shellac is an alcohol-based varnish, it dries very quickly, it is necessary to apply several layers to create a coating of sufficient density before proceeding with the crackle finish.
Stage 5b: finish (top coat)
Glossy decoupage varnish – gloss effect. It turns yellow over time, creating the effect of natural aging. Glossy amber varnish on a solvent. Turpentine is used to clean brushes.
Satin gel polish – satin effect. It turns yellow over time, creating the effect of natural aging. Amber varnish on a solvent. Turpentine is used to clean brushes.
Matte gel polish with a wax effect – matte wax effect. Solvent varnish. Turpentine is used to clean brushes.
Gel glossy varnishes (flating gels), satin and matte, will allow you to perform a magnificent finish of the work; Such a coating will protect the work from moisture and moisture.
It is enough to apply 1-2 layers of gel with soft and well-cleaned brushes.
They will help to master decoupage for beginners – step-by-step photos that demonstrate the finishing stage:
After performing craquelure and cracking with oil paint or special wax, apply a thin protective layer of flutting gel.
Solvent varnishes are used as curing agents for patination with water-based bitumen.
Gel polish with a wax effect is an ideal topcoat for furniture.
Stage 6: Finishing Crackle
When making a list of what is needed for decoupage, do not forget to include gum arabic to create a glossy craquelure effect.
Gum arabic is a water-based product. To clean the brushes, water with neutral soap is used.
Gum arabic is applied with a soft brush over a dried layer of peeled shellac. Use a hairdryer to speed up the cracking process. Cracks are distinguished by oil paint or wax. The final stage is very important – coating with a protective layer of varnish on a solvent.