How to repair furniture yourself
Tips and tricks for repairing furniture with your own hands: how to glue veneer, remove chips and scratches and get rid of the grinder beetle
If your furniture has lost its presentation, it has scratches, chips, dents and stains – do not rush to change it for a new one. It is very easy to carry out furniture repairs with your own hands without resorting to the expensive services of repair shops.
Almost all defects can be fixed independently. This material will be useful not only for those who want to give a new life to their old furniture, but also for those who purchased new wooden furniture, but damaged it during transportation. Before you repair the furniture yourself, read the tips and recommendations from the masters, presented below.
How to glue veneers with an iron
Veneers most often suffer at the edges of countertops, doors, drawers. If it is impossible to repair the damage or the veneer fragment is lost, then in the damaged area the old veneer must be replaced with a new one.
Replacing the entire surface with damage, that is, plywooding of large areas, at home, without experience, will not provide uniform veneer stickers, pressing and drying them.
To repair the furniture surface, select a veneer of a suitable tone, if this is not possible, use the lightest version of the veneer, which can then be tinted on your own, but when choosing, pay attention to the texture of the wood.
Remove the damaged veneer with a sharp knife. First draw a cut line, and then quickly cut a piece of veneer. If the wood or chipboard under the veneer is damaged, putty them and level the surface.
If chips or veneer losses are insignificant (1-2 cm) and there is no possibility to buy veneer, putty these areas with wood putty, after drying, sand and paint with acrylic paint to match the surface.
Before gluing the veneer, prepare the following tools and materials:
PVA glue (or Moment glue, Liquid nails);
cotton or cloth;
When repairing furniture at home, follow these instructions to repair veneer damage:
Apply a small amount of PVA glue to the prepared underlying surface with a flush brush.
When cutting, try to make the cut line a little wavy, and the part was cut with a small allowance. Cut the cut veneer piece with PVA glue.
Place the veneer in place so that the direction of the fibers matches. After this, it is advisable to press the veneer tightly with a wooden block.
To speed up the bonding process, resort to using an iron. To do this, put a cloth or sheet of paper between the veneer and the iron and press the iron to the surface for a couple of minutes.
If the original veneer was not damaged, but there was expansion, it can be returned to its place by ironing it with a hot iron through a damp cloth.
If the previous method did not help, then the adhesive properties of the adhesive have been lost. Cut the expanded coating and use a regular syringe to inject PVA glue under it. Press down on top and leave for a day.
How and how to repair scratches on furniture
Almost always there are various scratches on the surface of old furniture. This is due to the fact that the old generation of varnishes, and these were mainly alcohol varnishes, did not have the strength of either chemical or mechanical and did not form a strong protective film. Read more about how and how to repair scratches on furniture.
Of course, I want to remove such damage without much effort, without resorting to a complete surface cleaning. But not a single recipe will give a 100% guarantee, since a number of factors determine the result, and one of them is the type of varnish coating.
Deep scratches can be puttied with a mixture of PVA glue and wood flour, formed from grinding and scraping of wood. Remove excess immediately with a spatula. After drying (in 3-4 hours), if necessary, paint the putty with acrylic paint of the surface color.
How to remove a scratch on the furniture, if it is so deep that exposes the wood? Damage can be repaired with acrylic paint, stain, impregnation of the corresponding color. With the tip of a thin brush, paint only scratches, applying the composition in several layers.
How to remove cracks and other damage to furniture
Cracks of a small size (up to 2 mm) can be filled with epoxy resin and the surface and glue are heated with a hairdryer. The curing time of the resin is 4-6 hours.
Since it is not at all difficult to remove cracks on small furniture, we will focus on deep damage. If there are very deep cracks in the furniture frame, then they require pouring with epoxy glue in two to three steps and grinding in two to three weeks.
Putty is required to fill large cavities and crevices. Choosing a putty of the right color is not easy. Using a putty for wood based on water, you can tint it with acrylic paints, achieving the desired color.
Small dents can be straightened by the old method, based on the property of wood to swell from water. Apply a drop of water to a dent cleared of coatings and lightly steam it with the tip of an iron.
Precise furniture legs are often shabby, damaged by time and water. To repair, it is necessary to wrap the damaged leg with insulating tape as a stop and fill it with epoxy.
And how to remove chips on furniture, spending a minimum of your time on this? Epoxylin-mini is a modern plastic epoxy compound that can be polished and painted after curing, it is suitable for restoring small lost fragments, for example, a broken corner, a chipped edge and so on.
A white circle on the polished surface of the furniture appeared because a hot item was placed on it. You can try to remove it with alcohol or alcohol with vegetable oil. Rub with a clean, woolen cloth in a circular motion until the stain disappears.
Greasy, oily stains from the surface, try to remove with 10% solution of soda ash, applying it with a brush, brush or rag. An hour after treatment, neutralize the surface with a 5% hydrochloric acid solution
How to quickly get rid of a grinder bug
Beetle grinder is the enemy of furniture. It poses a threat not only to the furniture in which it settles, but to any other furniture in the room, or even to the house if it is wooden.
Detecting it is easy. Small holes on the furniture indicate that a woodworm lives in it. Propagating, woodworms penetrate everywhere. If they are not quickly and quickly destroyed, the furniture will die. Read more about how to get rid of a grinder bug.
To combat the grinder, special chemicals are sold – insecticides. The method of their use is recommended by the manufacturer. First vacuum the entire surface of the damaged furniture to remove dust from the holes, then inject the product into the openings of the strokes using a syringe or pipette. And process the entire surface of the furniture, applying the composition with a brush.
There is an old, time-tested option – treatment with dichlorvos.
Another simple way is to paint the product with topcoat on any basis. Grinder larvae cannot penetrate paint layers.
Safe for health are methods of warming and freezing. Warm the furniture thoroughly with a stream of sight air (60 ° C) using a construction or regular hairdryer. If possible, freeze the object, leaving it outdoors at a temperature of -5 ° C or lower.
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